• If current trends continue, severe bleaching will occur every year on 99% of the world’s coral reefs within this century • More ambitious emissions reductions may give reefs an average of 11 extra years before annual bleaching strikes • High-resolution predictions of annual coral bleaching can help prioritize reefs for conservation
5 January 2017 – New climate model projections of the world’s coral reefs reveal which reefs will be hit first by annual coral bleaching, an event that poses the gravest threat to one of the Earth’s most important ecosystems.
These high-resolution projections, based on global climate models, predict when and where annual coral bleaching will occur. The projections show that reefs in Taiwan and around the Turks and Caicos archipelago will be among the world’s first to experience annual bleaching.
It is very likely that 2016 will be the hottest year on record, with global temperatures even higher than the record-breaking temperatures in 2015. Preliminary data shows that 2016’s global temperatures are approximately 1.2° Celsius above pre-industrial levels, according to an assessment by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Global temperatures for January to September 2016 have been about 0.88° Celsius (1.58°F) above the average (14°C) for the 1961-1990 reference period, which is used by WMO as a baseline. Temperatures spiked in the early months of the year because of the powerful El Niño event of 2015-16. Preliminary data for October indicate that they are at a sufficiently high level for 2016 to remain on track for the title of hottest year on record. This would mean that 16 of the 17 hottest years on record have been this century (1998 was the other one).
On 23 September 2016, the United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon met with Pacific Island Forum leaders and the Secretary General of the Pacific Islands Forum.
President Peter Christian of the Federated States of Micronesia outlined the outcomes of the 47th Summit of the Pacific Islands Forum held in Micronesia from 7 to 11 September. He highlighted the discussion on the sustainable development, management and conservation of the oceans and its resources, human rights, the welfare of Small Island Developing States in combating climate change and the many challenges that the Pacific region faces.
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon thanked the leaders for their intention to boost the partnership between the Pacific and the United Nations. He emphasized the role of the Pacific in forging agreement on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Climate Agreement.
I am delighted to announce that today the Paris Agreement will cross the second and final threshold needed for entry into force, and will enter into force on 4 November 2016.
Global momentum for the Paris Agreement to enter into force in 2016 has been remarkable. What once seemed unthinkable is now unstoppable.
Strong international support for the Paris Agreement entering into force is testament to the urgency for action, and reflects the consensus of governments that robust global cooperation is essential to meet the climate challenge.
Over the past decade, I have worked ceaselessly to bring countries together to accelerate the global response to climate change. I have visited communities on the climate frontlines, from the Arctic to the Amazon, and I have seen how climate impacts are already devastating lives, livelihoods and prospects for a better future.
I urge all governments and all sectors of society to implement the Paris Agreement in full and to take urgent action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, strengthen climate resilience, and support the most vulnerable in adapting to inevitable climate impacts.
I extend my warmest congratulations to all Signatories of the Paris Agreement, and encourage all countries to accelerate their domestic processes to ratify the Paris Agreement as soon as possible before the next Conference of the Parties (COP 22) next month in Marrakesh.
UNITED NATIONS, New York, 21 September 2016 – Strategies to shift capital towards investments that generate climate action and sustainable development were discussed at the United Nations today at a high-level event to discuss a new report titled “Links in the Chain of Sustainable Finance: Accelerating Private Investments for the SDGs, including Climate Action.”
The high-level event was opened by the President of the UN General Assembly H.E. Peter Thomson and chaired by his predecessor H.E. Mogens Lykketoft.
Discussions were centred around the report, commissioned by President of the 70th Session of the UN General Assembly, Mr Lykketoft, and written by Brookings Institution scholars Homi Karas and John McArthur. Similar reports from UNEP and from the New Climate Economy were also discussed.
I am pleased to see you this morning. This is a great day for the planet, for multilateralism and for our sustainable development agenda. We are now very close to bringing the Paris Agreement into force.
Sixty countries have now joined the Paris Agreement. They represent over 47.5 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. We need about 7.5 per cent more of the greenhouse gas emissions accounted.
The thresholds for entry into force are 55 countries representing 55 per cent of global emissions. We have crossed one threshold and the emissions threshold is within reach.
60 Countries accounting for close to 48 percent of emissions have joined Agreement
New York, 21 September—The Paris Agreement on climate change moved closer toward entering into force in 2016 as 31 more countries joined the agreement today at a special event hosted by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
Several large emitting countries, which had not yet completed their domestic approval processes in time for the event, also announced they were committed to joining the agreement this year.
The Paris Agreement will enter into force 30 days after 55 countries, representing 55 percent of global emissions, deposit their instruments of ratification, acceptance or accession with the Secretary-General.
I am heartened by the tremendous support for bringing the Paris Agreement into force this year. The global coalition that delivered in Paris continues to go from strength to strength.
With this meeting this morning, as of now, we have 60 parties representing, over 47.5%[of global greenhouse gas emissions].We need 7.5% more. And that means we have crossed one the two thresholds, the 55 countries, so it’s well over, now let us work harder to get all this 7.5% greenhouse gas emissions added more. I thank the 31 countries who have deposited their instruments with me today. I am happy to declare that we have officially crossed one of the two thresholds required to bring the Paris Agreement into force.
Since the unanimous adoption of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the cornerstone of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in September 2015, governments, the private sector and civil society are quickly moving to take the action that we need to end poverty, address inequalities and tackle climate change by 2030.
To mark the first year anniversary, a number of high-level events and side events are taking place from 19 to 23 September.
Heads of State and Government, joined by leaders from the private sector, civil society organisations, academia and senior UN officials
Key intergovernmental events plus dozens of other meetings and side events by governments, UN agencies and leaders from civil society, foundations and the private sector will raise awareness around many issues related to the Sustainable Development Goals. Please note all events listed below are subject to change.
19-23 September 2016, with more events occurring before and after
United Nations Headquarters (and surrounding venues)
High-level events will be webcast live at http://webtv.un.org/
Next page for information on events and their contacts
I am very pleased to participate in this G20 Summit meeting in Hangzhou and this morning, I would like to share some thoughts of mine, and the United Nations concerns, which may be your concerns, international concerns.
This is my eleventh G20 Summit as Secretary-General of the United Nations. As you may know, this is one of the few last months for me as Secretary-General of the United Nations. My mandate ends 31 December, so this is will be my last G20 Summit meeting.
Ladies and gentlemen, first of all, I would like to begin by congratulating President Xi Jinping and Chinese people and Government for successfully hosting and wonderfully organizing this G20 Summit meeting and I welcome the Summit’s focus on the Sustainable Development Goals – our new framework to advance peace and prosperity for all of us and for a healthy planet.
I continue to urge all countries to align their national policies, socio-economic policies, programmes and investment behind these Sustainable Development Goals.