Access over 10000 publications on development through the World Bank Open Knowledge Repository (OKR)

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (right) meets with Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank Group. 01 June 2013 Yokohama, JapanThe World Bank is an institutions in the United Nations system and is one of the largest sources of development knowledge. The World Bank Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) is The World Bank’s official open access repository for its research outputs and knowledge products.

Through the OKR, The World Bank collects, disseminates, and permanently preserves its intellectual output in digital form. The OKR is interoperable with other repositories and supports optimal discoverability and re-usability of the content by complying with Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) standards and the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH).

The World Bank’s new Open Access Policy (effective July 1, 2012) and the OKR both improve access for those who regularly use World Bank research outputs and knowledge products. They also increase the range of people who can discover and access Bank content—from governments and civil society organizations (CSOs), to students and the general public.

By extending and improving access to World Bank research, the World Bank aims to encourage innovation and allow anyone in the world to use Bank knowledge to develop solutions to development problems that will help improve the lives of those living in poverty.


Since its launch in April 2012, the OKR has grown to more than 9,200+ research works including:

  • World Bank Group Annual Reports and Independent Evaluation Studies from 2005 to present;
  • Book published by the World Bank Group from 2005 to present, including flagship publications, academic books and practitioner volumes;
  • All World Development Reports (WDRs) since 1978 plus WDR background papers since 2003;
  • Journal articles from 2007-2010 published in World Bank Economic Review (WBER) and World Bank Research Observer (WBRO), two journals published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the World Bank;
  • Journal articles published in Development Outreach from 2008-2011
  • Metadata and links to Bank-authored external journal articles from 2008-2011;
  • Serial publications (typically data-intensive outlook reports);
  • Policy Research Working Papers (PRWP) since 2005—a series of papers that disseminate findings of work in progress in order to encourage the exchange of ideas about development issues;
  • Selected other papers of high research quality;
  • Economic and Sector Work (ESW) studies since 2005—a series of analytical reports prepared by Bank staff. ESWs gather and evaluate information about a country’s economy and/or a specific sector;
  • Knowledge Notes from 1999 to present, providing short briefs that capture lessons of experience from Bank operations and research;
  • Selected translated titles.

The OKR is updated regularly as new research outputs and knowledge products are released for publication or as backlist content is available. Future content will include:

  • Accepted manuscripts of Bank-authored journal articles from selected external publishers (after an embargo period);
  • Content published prior to 2005;
  • Links to data sets associated with specific works;
  • Bank-authored chapters published by third party publishers;
  • Other knowledge product collections of the World Bank Group.

Visit the World Bank OKR website for more information.