Youth as UN Partners in Sustainable Small Island Development

 Paul DiamondSandwatch students from the Seychelles measure wave height at Beau Vallon Beach. The Sandwatch project seeks to develop awareness of the fragile nature of marine & coastal environments and the need to use them wisely.In July 2013, 70 young people between the ages of 12 and 30 came together to discuss  the future of their small island homes. Representing 30 small island countries and territories in the Caribbean, Pacific and AIMS regions (Atlantic, Indian Ocean, Mediterranean and South China Sea), these young people presented their ideas on the development needs of Small Island Developing States (SIDS) at three regional preparatory meetings for the SIDS 2014 Global United Nations Conference.

The Third International Conference for Small Island Developing States is scheduled to convene during September 2014 in Apia, Samoa. In 1994 Member States of the United Nations came together in Barbados to discuss the special challenges and needs of SIDS. Fourteen key areas were identified covering sustainable environments, energy and communication, tourism and human resource development.

Twenty years later, the United Nations will convene a review and recommitment to development in small islands when the Member States come together in Apia, Samoa. The original Programme of Action and the Implementation Strategy developed in Mauritius during the 10 year review will be examined to determine what progress has been made in 20 years, what challenges still exist and key priorities for internationally agreed development goals in the post 2015 era (linking with the outcomes of the Rio +20 Conference held in 2012 ‘the Future We Want’).

So that young people’s voices may be part of this process, UNESCO, UNICEF and UNFPA with support from the regional organisations in SIDS areas (Secretariat of the Pacific Community, Forum Islands Secretariat, the Secretariat for the Pacific Environment Programme and the Indian Ocean Commission) supported three regional youth workshops so that young people from SIDS could share their issues, envision the future young people want, and participate in the process of developing the outcomes of the Apia 2014 Global Conference.

Key issues identified by young people in all three regions were education, health and climate change.

Pacific delegates called for affordable and holistic education, in which  young people are provided with the tools to become critical thinkers, active learners, innovators and strong leaders. The AIMS delegates propose that this can be achieved through improving “sustainability literacy” so that every young person from SIDS understands this concept and is empowered to act on it. Building on these concepts in the Caribbean, young people see a future that offers an education, which includes the arts, technical studies, entrepreneurship and community development.

The Caribbean delegates also noted that the provision of quality, accessible and free basic healthcare, including holistic approaches to sexual and health education is required to underpin development in their region. Sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), mental well-being, and physical health were identified in the Pacific as necessary in building  stable and healthy lives to earn a living and contribute to Pacific island development. The AIMS delegates urged that special attention should be  paid to the physical, mental and emotional health and safety of youth, through the nurturing of a caring culture in neighborhoods, schools, academic institutions and at the workplace.

Climate change has become a very public concern in many SIDS, which are low lying and are thus particularly exposed to its dangers. . In response to this, delegates in the AIMS region are promoting the reduction of reliance on fossil fuels and developing technology for renewable energy sources such as marine energy as the prime source of energy for SIDS. Caribbean delegates noted the need for this to be grounded on strong awareness raising and capacity development. Pacific delegates also noted the need to promote further alternatives through green jobs.

The role of youth through partnerships, volunteering  and activism was noted, along with individual commitments from every delegate to become champions of SIDS in their country and continue to build and develop the concepts from the workshop.

In a final statement, they insisted: “We are the millennial generation, and we stand for action and change. We commit to taking action, doing whatever is within our capacity, to attain a sustainable future. Therefore, we are making the following commitments to make SIDS 2014 a success.

1) Adopting more sustainable lifestyles, educating our local communities and acting as Ambassadors for Change by spreading our message using all available tools.

2) Playing a key role in the post-regional processes for youth nationally

3) Mobilizing young people for SIDS 2014 and building their capacity as sustainable development advocates.”

A small delegation from each workshop presented their statements to the official SIDS Preparatory meetings in each of the regions. These same young delegates will also be invited to  present their contributions  to the SIDS Inter-regional Preparatory Meeting to be held in Barbados in August 2013.

Further information on the three workshops and the full regional youth declarations can be found at www/

On behalf of the 70 young people from Antigua and Barbuda; Barbados; Cap Verde; Commonwealth of Dominica; Comoros Islands; Cook Islands; Dominican Republic; Fiji Islands; Grenada, Cariaccou and Pitite Martinique; Guinea Bissau; Cooperative Republic of Guyana; Haiti; Kiribati; Jamaica; Maldives; Republic of the Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Federated States of Micronesia; Nauru; Papua New Guinea; Puerto Rico; Saint Lucia; Samoa; Seychelles; Solomon Islands; St. Maarten; St. Vincent and the Grenadines; Tokelau; The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and Vanuatu.



2014 Conference on Small Island Developing States in Apia, Samoa

Additional Information:

Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States
The Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States will be held from 1 to 4 September 2014 in Apia, Samoa, to be preceded by activities related to the conference from 28 to 30 August 2014, also in Apia, Samoa. It will focus the world’s attention on a group of countries that remain a special case for sustainable development in view of their unique and particular vulnerabilities.

The UNGA has decided that the Conference will seek to achieve the following objectives:

(a) Assess the progress to date and the remaining gaps in the implementation of theBarbados Programme of Action and the Mauritius Strategy, building on, inter alia, existing reports and relevant processes;

(b) Seek a renewed political commitment by all countries to address effectively the special needs and vulnerabilities of small island developing States by focusing on practical and pragmatic actions for the further implementation of the Barbados Programme of Action and the Mauritius Strategy, inter alia, through mobilization of resources and assistance for small island developing States;

(c) Identify new and emerging challenges and opportunities for the sustainable development of small island developing States and ways and means to address them, including through the strengthening of collaborative partnerships between small island developing States and the international community;

(d) Identify priorities for the sustainable development of small island developing States for consideration, as appropriate, in the elaboration of the post-2015 United Nations development agenda;

The resolution calls for “a concise, focused, forward-looking and action-oriented political document.” The small island States have also expressed their desire to highlight successful partnerships and areas of innovation.

Preparatory Process

The preparations for this important Conference are underway now, starting with a robust, SIDS-directed national preparatory process. These national preparations will feed into regional meetings in June and July of 2013, followed by an inter-regional preparatory meeting scheduled for August or September.

The global process will begin in early 2014, bringing together the full range of stakeholders, Member States, civil society, private sector representatives, and others. As these partners add their voices to those of the SIDS, the result will be a constructive and meaningful Conference advancing the cause of sustainable development in SIDS, strengthening partnerships, and contributing to the wider dialogue on a sustainable future for all.

List of Small Island Developing States
(UN Members)

1 Antigua and Barbuda 20 Federated States of Micronesia
2 Bahamas 21 Mauritius
3 Bahrain 22 Nauru
4 Barbados 23 Palau
5 Belize 24 Papua New Guinea
6 Cape Verde * 25 Samoa *
7 Comoros * 26 São Tomé and Principe *
8 Cuba 27 Singapore
9 Dominica 28 St. Kitts and Nevis
10 Dominican Republic 29 St. Lucia
11 Fiji 30 St. Vincent and the Grenadines
12 Grenada 31 Seychelles
13 Guinea-Bissau * 32 Solomon Islands *
14 Guyana 33 Suriname
15 Haiti * 34 Timor-Lesté *
16 Jamaica 35 Tonga
17 Kiribati * 36 Trinidad and Tobago
18 Maldives * 37 Tuvalu *
19 Marshall Islands 38 Vanuatu *


List of Small Island Developing States
(Non-UN Members/Associate Members of the Regional Commissions)

1 American Samoa 8 Guam
2 Anguilla 9 Montserrat
3 Aruba 10 Netherlands Antilles
4 British Virgin Islands 11 New Calendonia
5 Commonwealth of Northern Marianas 12 Niue
6 Cook Islands 13 Puerto Rico
7 French Polynesia 14 U.S. Virgin Islands

*Also LDCs (Source)

Partnerships and Actions for Small Island Developing States

UN System

The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) will work closely with Mr. Gyan Chandra Acharya, the UN High Representative for Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and SIDS (OHRLLS), as well as the partner organizations within and outside the UN system both through the EC ESA Plus and IACG on SIDS. In supporting the Conference, DESA will work with other UN departments, the regional commissions and the UN system as a whole, while mobilizing relevant intergovernmental organizations and major groups, to ensure that the Conference makes a concrete and meaningful contribution to the sustainable development of Small Island Developing States.

For more information visit the official Conference website.