OCHA Asia-Pacific Humanitarian Bulletin 2013

In an intense year the largest natural disasters in 2013 were heavily concentrated in Asia and the Pacific. The year was marked by 137 natural disasters in the region, compared with 93 separate events in 2012. The number of people killed by disasters was almost six times higher in 2013 than in 2012. The Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters recorded a total of 18,375 people killed and 82 million affected. China and the Philippines experienced the greatest number of disasters in 2013.

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The increase in the number of deaths is mainly due to Super Typhoon Haiyan (called Yolanda in the Philippines), which was the deadliest event of 2013, killing more than 6,000 people and leaving 14 million affected.

However, the number of people affected by natural disasters in 2013 was only slightly higher than the number in 2012. The South-East Asia floods from June to October 2013 affected more than 3.9 million people in four countries (Cambodia, Viet Nam, Lao PDR and Thailand). China and India were also heavily affected by floods.

Other notable events during the year in the region included the Bohol Earthquake (the Philippines), Super Typhoon Utor (China and the Philippines), Tropical Storm Trami (China and the Philippines), Typhoon Nari (the Philippines and Viet Nam) and Typhoon Mahasen (Bangladesh and Sri Lanka). Major political and religious conflicts continued in Mindanao in the Philippines, and in Kachin and Rakhine States in Myanmar.