The Paris Climate Conference is officially known as the 21st Conference of the Parties (or “COP”) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the United Nations body which is responsible for climate and based in Bonn, Germany. The Conference will also serve as the 11th Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol.
The COP meets each year to take decisions that further the implementation of the Convention and to combat climate change. COP21 will take place at the same time as CMP11, the 11th meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, which oversees the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol and the decisions made to increase its effectiveness.
Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)
Further to the negotiations under the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP), the Conference of the Parties (COP), by its decision 1/CP.19, invited all Parties to initiate or intensify domestic preparations for their INDCs towards achieving the objective of the Convention as set out in its Article 2, without prejudice to the legal nature of the contributions, in the context of adopting a protocol, another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention applicable to all Parties.
- Synthesis report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
- UN Environment Programme Emissions Gap Report (2015)
- Trends in Private Sector Climate Finance report
- The New Climate Economy Report
- Shock Waves: Managing the Impacts of Climate Change on Poverty
- COP21: on eve of UN climate conference, Ban says ‘time for action is now’
Learn more about COP21