The Global Humanitarian Overview (GHO) for 2021 was launched on 1 December 2020 to help 160 million of the 235 million most vulnerable people who face hunger, conflict, displacement, the impacts of climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic in 56 countries. As of 31 March, adjusted requirements were $36.0 billion to assist 159 million of the 237 million people in need in 56 countries.
Some adjustments to requirements and to the numbers of people in need and to receive assistance have been made since the GHO launch. This month, requirements increased by $226 million, mainly due to increases in Ethiopia (estimated) and South Sudan. The number of people in need of assistance and the number of people targeted increased by 2.4 million and 2.2 million, respectively, this month, mainly because of increases in Cameroon, Ethiopia and South Sudan.
High-level resource mobilization events:
The Fifth Conference on “Supporting the Future of Syria and the Region” took place on 30 March 2021 in virtual format, hosted by the European Union (EU) and co-chaired with the United Nations (UN). It was the ninth annual international meeting on Syria following conferences in Kuwait (2013-2015), London (2016) and Brussels (2017-2020). The total pledges announced for Syria and the region during the conference were $4.4 billion (€3.6 billion) for 2021 and multi-year pledges of close to $2 billion (€1.7 billion) for 2022 and beyond. In addition, international financial institutions and donors announced around $7 billion (€5.9 billion) in loans, many on concessional terms.
Gender-Based Violence Prevention and Response:
Humanitarian partners made strong and concerted efforts in 2020 to mitigate, prevent and respond to gender-based violence (GBV) in humanitarian crises, particularly in the context of COVID-19 which deepened existing vulnerabilities and inequalities. Humanitarian partners will continue to prioritize these activities in 2021.
The final 2020 requirements for gender programming/GBV prevention and response in 18 plans/countries included in the GHO were $409.3 million. As of end-March, reported funding against these requirements totalled $62.6 million. An additional $48.3 million for GBV was reported for GHO plans/countries that had not specified requirements.
In 2021, $454.2 million of requirements have been identified in 23 plans.5 This figure will increase as the remaining unpublished plans are finalized