The latest round of United Nations climate change negotiations began on Monday in Bonn, Germany to further develop the “operating manual” for implementing the landmark 2015 Paris Agreement, which aims to keep temperature rises this century, well below 2 degrees Celsius. More.
The eighth edition of UN Environment’s Emissions Gap report, released ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn, finds that national pledges only bring a third of the reduction in emissions required by 2030 to meet climate targets, with private sector and sub-national action not increasing at a rate that would help close this worrying gap.
The announcement by the President of the United States in June 2017 that the US would withdraw from the Paris Climate Change Agreement has sparked a lot of interest in how a Party* can withdraw, should they decide to do so. Here we try to explain the basic process.
A Party to the Paris Agreement is free to withdraw and the Agreement sets out the following steps and timelines for this:
– Article 28 of the Agreement states that: 1) “At any time after three years from the date on which this Agreement has entered into force for a Party, that Party may withdraw from this Agreement by giving written notification to the Depositary”.
– It also states that: 2) “Any such withdrawal shall take effect upon expiry of one year from the date of receipt by the Depositary of the notification of withdrawal, or on such later date as may be specified in the notification of withdrawal.”
– The earliest date that a Party may withdraw by giving written notification is any time from 4 November 2019 – this is the case for those who were already in when the Paris Agreement entered into force on 4 November 2016.
Universal agreement on need for measures to reverse ocean deterioration
New York, 9 June—The 193 Member States of the United Nations unanimously agreed to a set of measures that will begin the reversal of the decline of the ocean’s health as the five-day Ocean Conference concluded today. The outcome document, together with more than 1,300 commitments to action, marks a breakthrough in the global approach to the management and conservation of the ocean.
The Ocean Conference, the first UN conference of its kind on the issue has raised global consciousness of ocean problems ranging from marine pollution to illegal and over fishing, from ocean acidification to lack of high seas governance. By including all stakeholders in the discussions, the Conference produced a comprehensive and actionable range of solutions.
It is very likely that 2016 will be the hottest year on record, with global temperatures even higher than the record-breaking temperatures in 2015. Preliminary data shows that 2016’s global temperatures are approximately 1.2° Celsius above pre-industrial levels, according to an assessment by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
Global temperatures for January to September 2016 have been about 0.88° Celsius (1.58°F) above the average (14°C) for the 1961-1990 reference period, which is used by WMO as a baseline. Temperatures spiked in the early months of the year because of the powerful El Niño event of 2015-16. Preliminary data for October indicate that they are at a sufficiently high level for 2016 to remain on track for the title of hottest year on record. This would mean that 16 of the 17 hottest years on record have been this century (1998 was the other one).
Rome, 6 October 2016
Buon giorno! E un vero piacere essere ancora una volta a Roma, specialmente con il Presidente Mattarella.
Ladies and Gentlemen, I have just had very productive meeting with President Mattarella. Earlier today I also met with the President of the Senate, Pietro Grasso, and the President of the Chambers of Deputies, Laura Boldrini.
We discussed some of the most pressing issues on the international agenda, including Syria, Libya and the refugee and migrant crisis.
I am delighted to announce that today the Paris Agreement will cross the second and final threshold needed for entry into force, and will enter into force on 4 November 2016.
Global momentum for the Paris Agreement to enter into force in 2016 has been remarkable. What once seemed unthinkable is now unstoppable.
Strong international support for the Paris Agreement entering into force is testament to the urgency for action, and reflects the consensus of governments that robust global cooperation is essential to meet the climate challenge.
Over the past decade, I have worked ceaselessly to bring countries together to accelerate the global response to climate change. I have visited communities on the climate frontlines, from the Arctic to the Amazon, and I have seen how climate impacts are already devastating lives, livelihoods and prospects for a better future.
I urge all governments and all sectors of society to implement the Paris Agreement in full and to take urgent action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, strengthen climate resilience, and support the most vulnerable in adapting to inevitable climate impacts.
I extend my warmest congratulations to all Signatories of the Paris Agreement, and encourage all countries to accelerate their domestic processes to ratify the Paris Agreement as soon as possible before the next Conference of the Parties (COP 22) next month in Marrakesh.
New York, 5 October 2016
New York, 21 September 2016
I am pleased to see you this morning. This is a great day for the planet, for multilateralism and for our sustainable development agenda. We are now very close to bringing the Paris Agreement into force.
Sixty countries have now joined the Paris Agreement. They represent over 47.5 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions. We need about 7.5 per cent more of the greenhouse gas emissions accounted.
The thresholds for entry into force are 55 countries representing 55 per cent of global emissions. We have crossed one threshold and the emissions threshold is within reach.
60 Countries accounting for close to 48 percent of emissions have joined Agreement
New York, 21 September—The Paris Agreement on climate change moved closer toward entering into force in 2016 as 31 more countries joined the agreement today at a special event hosted by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
Several large emitting countries, which had not yet completed their domestic approval processes in time for the event, also announced they were committed to joining the agreement this year.
The Paris Agreement will enter into force 30 days after 55 countries, representing 55 percent of global emissions, deposit their instruments of ratification, acceptance or accession with the Secretary-General.
I am heartened by the tremendous support for bringing the Paris Agreement into force this year.
The global coalition that delivered in Paris continues to go from strength to strength.
With this meeting this morning, as of now, we have 60 parties representing, over 47.5% [of global greenhouse gas emissions]. We need 7.5% more. And that means we have crossed one the two thresholds, the 55 countries, so it’s well over, now let us work harder to get all this 7.5% greenhouse gas emissions added more. I thank the 31 countries who have deposited their instruments with me today. I am happy to declare that we have officially crossed one of the two thresholds required to bring the Paris Agreement into force.